All countries recognize in their constitutions that every citizen has the right to his own safety as well as to personal security and that of his property. However, with the increasing intensity of political violence, organized crime and spread of networks trading in and smuggling arms, kidnappings have increased and the problem of terrorism has emerged and plunged many countries in instability and unsafety. In the face of this challenge, some states found themselves in need to strengthen security as in accordance with their constitutions and laws, they are obliged to protect their citizens and property as well as the national and political institutions from internal and external threats and dangers. This also required from them to set up local, regional and international coordination strategies to counter this clear encroachment on of national security.However, the implementation of such a strategy will have an impact on fundamental individual and collective rights and thus impact media which has a crucial significance in democratic practice. The events of September 11, 2001 led to the emergence of several important legislations aiming to strengthen the powers of the executive authority and the police in order to be able to fight local, regional and international terrorism, the fact that sparked controversy in the Arab world in general. Here, three integrated visions have surfaced: The first stipulates that freedom of the media in democratic societies is not hindered in its quest to achieve citizen’s security while the second sees that democratic values tolerate that the institutions could to tie up or restrict any individual’s rights if feared to put collective democratic values at stake and even to confiscate those rights in a step that might topple the very collective values that form the basis of those rights.
The third vision has no fixed rule that specifies how to strike an equilibrium between media freedom and the promotion of public safety. This puts the Arab countries in front of a conspicuous challenge and in a stormy sea at both regional and global levels in addition to posing a real challenge on how the Arab states could bring their societal considerations and desire to maintain the freedom of information that has been forming for some time, into harmony with the need for fighting terrorism that has become off late under focus at local regional and international levels.
- Enhancing the freedom of responsible media and clarifying the common frameworks it shares with the requirements of national security.
- Raising society awareness about the dangers of terrorism and its impact on political stability.
- Raising the awareness of society about the dangers of terrorism and its impact on political stability.
- Promoting democracy in the Arab world in a way that does not contradict the cultural specificities of the region.
Wednesday, December 6, 2017, from 9:00 a.m. to 5:30 pm
Gulf Hotel – Conference Centre
- The legislations governing the media and their ability to confront terrorism
- The concept of media freedom and to which extent it applies to the Arab situation
- The culture of terrorism and mechanisms to overcome it
- The role of Arab media in confronting terrorism (strengths and weaknesses).
- The future of the media in light of the escalation of terrorist operations in the countries of the region